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The great figures in the fight against discrimination

The great figures in the fight against discrimination

→ Olympe de Gouge (1748 - 1793)

Olympe de Gouge, engaged in multiple fights against social and political discrimination... The introduction of divorce, rights for unemployed workers, for gender equality, for the abolition of slavery and the death penalty.

→ Jean Moulin (1899- 1943)

Emblematic figure of the French resistance, during the Second World War. Jean Moulin, distinguished himself by his fight against the Nazis and anti-Semitism.

→ Simone de Beauvoir (1908 - 1986)

A major figure of feminism, she will play an important role in the fight for women's liberation. Her book "the second sex" is one of the greatest books of contemporary philosophy on gender theory and male/female equality. She will be part of the 343 signatories of the "Manifesto of the 343", alongside Gisèle Halimi. In 2018, she is the first woman to be included in the Pléiade (a major collection of French publishing)

→ Rosa Parks (1913 - 2005)

A fervent civil rights activist, she became an icon of freedom and heroine of the fight against racial discrimination for an entire nation. She had the courage to say "NO" to the racial segregation that was rampant in the United States.

→ Aimé Césaire (1913-2008)

Aimé Césaire was an active, hands-on humanist who stood up for all the oppressed of the Earth.

→ Nelson Mandela (1918 - 2013)

Nelson Mandela dedicated his life to freedom, solidarity, and peace between peoples. He triumphed over the obstacles for the abolition of apartheid, not only of his people, but also that of all exiles, outcasts, resisters...

→ Ginette Kolinka (1925 - ...)

Ginette Kolinka, a former deportee from the Auschwitz-Birkeneau camp, has dedicated her life to the fight against anti-Semitism. For more than 20 years, she has continued her work of remembrance with young people, in order to make them aware of the dangers of the current rise in anti-Semitism.

→ Simone veil (1927 - 2017)

A fervent activist for women's rights, she obtained the right to abortion in 1974, and was one of the first women to demand the right to "do everything" and parity between men and women. Simone Veil has become a true symbol of women's freedom throughout the world.

→ Gisèle Halimi (1927- 2020)

Lawyer, and emblematic figure of feminism, Gisèle Halimi made her life a permanent fight for women's rights. She was one of the 343 signatories of the "Manifesto of the 343", alongside Simone de Beauvoir, Jeanne Moreau, Françoise Sagan,..., demanding the legalization of abortion.

→ Harvey Milk ( 1930 - 1978)

A San Francisco city councilman, Harvey Milk was the first openly gay American politician. A staunch activist for LGBT rights, he was assassinated in 1978 by a political opponent.

→ Gloria Steinem (1934 -...)

A feminist icon, Gloria Steinem has been fighting for women's equality in the United States for over 50 years. In 1971, she co-founded the first feminist magazine, entitled "MS."

→ Angela Davis (1944 -...)An embodiment of black power in an America plagued by its racial segregation, Angela Davis has been fighting for social justice since the 1960s.

→ Linda Brown (1942 - 2018)

Teacher and activist in the African American civil rights movement. She was at the heart of one of the historic victories in the struggle for black civil rights. The one on May 17, 1954, declaring racial segregation in public schools unconstitutional. In 1988, she founded, with her sister, "The Brown Foundation" to continue the fight against segregation and school segregation in the USA.

→ Sylvia Ray Rivera (1951- 2002)

Sylvia Ray Rivera, transgender activist, fought tirelessly for the rights of transgender and non-gender people. An emblematic figure of the Stonewall riots, she was part of the LGBTI+ rights movement and founded with Marsha P.Johnson, the self-help group "STAR" (Street Transvestite Action Revolutionaries) supporting Drag Queens and non-white and homeless trans women.

Mary Akram (1976 -...)

An iconic figure for the rights of Afghan women and girls, she was the first woman to come to the aid of women fleeing domestic or family violence. Forced into exile following the arrival of the Taliban in 1996, she created a network of schools for Afghan women refugees in Pakistan. In 2002, back in Afghanistan, she created the Women's Development Center, and opened nearly 27 shelters in the country, for women victims of domestic violence or forced marriages. Nearly 20,000 women have been helped and supported since the creation of these shelters. After 20 years of struggle, the return of the Taliban to power in August 2021, has already caused the closure of many of these shelters in the north of the country. Remaining in Afghanistan, she continues her struggle at the risk of her life.

Loujain Al-Hathloul (1989- ... )

Loujain Al-Hathloul, an iconic figure in the fight for women's rights in Saudi Arabia, is fighting to end a repressive system of male guardianship and demanding the right for women to drive. She will be incarcerated in 2018, for having defied this ban. She will be released in February 2021.

For her struggles, she will be awarded the Freedom Prize in 2020 on the occasion of the 3rd edition of the Forum "Normandy for Peace".

Zarifa Ghafari (1992 - ...)

Emblematic figure of women's rights and resistance against the Taliban in Afghanistan. Mayor of Maidan Shahr at the age of 26. She was one of the first women mayors in the country. For having had the courage to run for office and to engage politically as a woman, she was targeted by numerous death threats from the Taliban. Exiled in France, she continues to fight for all women who will be prevented from being free, from working, from going to school,...